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Oil refinery model based on: Aronofsky, J., J. Dutton, and M. Tayyabkhan(1978), Managerial Planning with Linear Programming: in Process Industry Applications, John Wiley & Sons;
There are two main entities: materials and processes. Each process takes one or more materials and converts them to one or more other materials in fixed proportions. In a final step, materials are blended into finished products in proportions to be determined so as to satisfy certain quality requirements. Each process may use resources of limited time availability.